Tamil Tribune

Karunanidhi and Tamil Nadu Independence (DMK and Tamil Nationalism)

Thanjai Nalankilli

TAMIL TRIBUNE, April 2015 (ID. 2015-04-02)
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1. The News

2. Background Information


AIADMK - All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

DK - Dravidar Kazagam

DMK - Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

1. The News

Speaking at the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) general council meeting on January 9, 2015, the party President and former TamilNadu Chief Minister Karunanidhi said, “even if Tamil Nadu for Tamils is not realized and Tamil Nadu could not be attained in the immediate future, we should have the determination to protect the Tamil language, Tamils and the party.” (The New Indian Express; January 10, 2015). DMK is one of the two dominant political parties in Tamil Nadu The other dominant political party is its offshoot, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). As of this writing (2015), either DMK or AIADMK has ruled the state since 1967.

2. Background Information

DMK championed the cause of independent Tamil Nadu (or, if possible, independent Dravida Nadu comprising the four southern states of India) starting from its inception in  1949. Its parent party Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) from its inception in 1944. The first call for Tamil Nadu independence seems to have been made by the Tamil Nation  Liberation Association (Tamil Desa Viduthalai Sangam) in August 1938 [Reference 1].The DMK Central Committee (Maththiya Seyarkuzu) voted to drop the independence demand on November 3, 1963, after the Indian Parliament passed the Sixteenth Amendment to the Indian Constitution; the amendment prohibited those who advocate separatism from running for public offices (such as Indian parliament and state legislative assembly). It would seem that the abandonment of the independence platform was not from the heart but a tactical move, at least on the part of Karunanidhi who was a senior DMK leader at that time.

Final Remarks: I know that there are some who would say that Karunanidhi is corrupt. I will leave it to a proper court of law to decide on that. For the sake of argument, even if he is corrupt, did he make the statement for corrupt reasons? No. He has nothing to gain by this statement. If anything, his indirect support for Tamilnadu independence would anger the Indian Government and it would try to prosecute him for corruption. I believe that Karunanidhi, corrupt or not, is a Tamil nationalist at heart and his heart yearns for Tamil Nadu independence.

Related questions: Was/Is Karunanidhi a separatist and a secessionist? Was/Is DMK for separatism or secession?

Post your comments and/or Read other comments (Subject: April 2015)


1. DMK and Tamil Nadu Independence: A Recent Political History of TamilNadu (by Thanjai Nalankilli), TAMIL TRIBUNE, November 2003 (28 KB) (f


Role of Dravidian Parties (DK, DMK,...) in Tamil Nadi Independence Movement

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Thanjai Nalangkilli

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